This course critically explores women's contributions to music in a variety of roles and cultural contexts. The first unit surveys the life and works of a diverse range of female composers in the Western art music tradition. The second considers the often overlooked but crucial roles that women play in the musical world as teachers, administrators, patrons, and scholars. The final unit considers how particular well-known women perform music and gender, including musicians who have been politically and/or nationally significant figures in Egypt, South Africa, and Russia. An important theme throughout the course is how (and whether) women's contributions to music are addressed in music scholarship and popular media.