This course examines the argument that despite many successes in the past, the European Union (EU) is fragmenting due to failures to solve the ongoing financial crisis that includes the debt and euro zone predicaments and the recent dramatic increases in immigrants, especially from the Middle East. The recent vote in the United Kingdom to leave the EU (Brexit) has also generated more conjecture that other states such as Greece (Grexit), France, Austria, and the Netherlands might also consider leaving the EU. Along with outlining some of the many issues dealt with by a number of EU institutions, the course delves into many of the political, economic, and social factors that have led to an intensification of euro skepticism. It also examines many of the implications of fragmentation in such cases as trade, monetary and fiscal policy, energy and environmental policy, and security policy related to NATO and the transatlantic alliance between the UK and the United States. Finally, students consider the implications of euro skepticism for democracy, legitimacy, and solidarity at the national and regional levels of the EU.
Prerequisites: Recommended IPE 101, ECON 170, and PG 102 or 103.