There is an increasing need and demand not only for housing that is affordable but also for housing that is "green." Green essentially means healthy, energy and resource efficient, and environmentally low-impact. "Green building" is a term that is used to describe a process for designing, developing, constructing, and operating buildings and infrastructure using sustainable methods and materials-to provide healthy living environments for people, to reduce the use of energy and natural resources, and to minimize negative impacts on local, regional, and global ecosystems. The goal of this strategy is essentially to increase convenience for the masses by placing public transit access and employment centers near affordable housing, such as apartment buildings. This increased convenience would enable not only decreased vehicle miles traveled to and from work and other locations, but also decrease personal travel and housing costs for those who need it the most.
Strategies and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Cost to the City
It really depends. The transportation system costs more for bus lines, a possible light rail and that aside what needs to be considered here is community planning. Much of Tacoma is already built up, so starting from scratch is not an option, but considering what each smaller community needs to become more walkable and has access to mass transit is a good place to start. This particular recommendation has the potential have a more long term goal in mind.
Benefits to residents
Benefits to developers or building owners
Benefits to investors
Benefits to community
Benefits to environment
This will be a partnership between the City and builders, planners, employers, Pierce County Transit, and the general community.
San Francisco, CA
Smaller homes, higher taxes; Bay Area residents willing to change to cut greenhouse gas: San Francisco, in order to reach 1999 levels of carbon emissions is encouraging citizens to drive less. In a "random telephone poll of 1,800 residents of the nine Bay Area counties in late September and early October found that 64 percent thought global warming was the most important factor to consider when developing transportation and land-use plans. Another 28 percent considered it at least somewhat important." Their willingness is redefining building codes, making houses smaller with less yard and closer together. But do they mind this change? The telephone survey also "asked whether they would choose to live in a small house with a small backyard instead of a larger house that required a longer commute, 74 percent said yes." (Taken from The San Francisco Chronicle, October 27, 2007, Saturday, Michael Cabanatuan, Chronicle Staff Writer)
The Illinois Climate Change Advisory Group has a detailed plan to implement what they call smart growth initiatives and also expand mass transit, they hope that it will reduce 0.29 MM tons of CO2 by 2020 with this plan. The PDF of the plans is attached in the related information.
The city's plan incorporates many elements of transit-oriented development, and has made efforts to revise their multi-family code to "encourage housing close to transit and commercial areas."