Elements of a Web Document

Understanding the basic layout of a Web document can help with the evaluation process. By examining the header, footer, and body of a home page, you should find information which will critically analyze the source.


  • Found at the top of the document
  • Typically includes general information such as title, logo or banner, a series of buttons or links to various locations, and statement of purpose


  • Follows the header and is often set off from the header by a horizontal rule
  • Often contains a table of contents or some introductory links, and the basic text


  • Found at the end of a document
  • Usually includes the author, affiliation, e-mail address, copyright notice, an indication when the site was last updated, and links to other parts of the site