This course explores the history of Europe between two pivotal years: 1789, which saw the outbreak of Revolution in France, and 1848, when revolutionary upheaval returned to Paris, ushering in a new French Republic and triggering a wave of other largely unsuccessful uprisings across the Continent. During the six intervening decades ? over the span of only a single adult lifetime ? European politics, society, and culture all changed in radical ways. Students discuss the nature of these changes, and ask what continuities might be discernable beneath the flux. Students also spend some time considering the impact of European transformations on the world as a whole, and look at the expansion around the globe of the Empires of European states, as well as more informal spheres of European influence.