Who was Cleopatra? Even the plain facts about her life are hard to come by. To the Romans, she was the foreign queen who tried to steal their empire and who represented the most dangerous threat to their civilization in 200 years; to the Egyptians she was a goddess incarnate, the universal mother, and a liberator who came to free them from oppression. But perhaps more intriguing are the images that have appeared since her death: to Shakespeare she was a tragic lover, to Chaucer she was the model of a good wife; to painters of the Renaissance she was a passive victim, to writers imbued with Romanticism she was a femme fatale; to post-Enlightenment colonialists was an exotic Easterner, to Hollywood she has been a temptress, a sex-kitten, and a vamp. This course examines the depictions of Cleopatra in a variety of different mediums to explore how each society created their own image of this bewitching figure.