Revolutions often mark major transformations in the socio-political life of nations. This course examines the causes and consequences of important modern revolutions from a sociological perspective. It will also consider the ethical issues surrounding revolutions ' for example, do the ends ever justify the means? Do revolutions merely replace one tyranny with another or are they forces for progressive change? These and other sociological and ethical issues are investigated through a detailed examination of several cases of modern revolutions (e.g. the Russian, Iranian, and Cuban revolutions).