PHIL 224

Logic and Language

This course presents an account of deductive inference in natural language. The logical relations of mutual consistency and equivalence are defined for sentences of English, as is the notion of a valid deductive argument expressed by sentences of English. Theoretical and technical devices are introduced both from standard symbolic logic and from generative grammar, with a focus on grammatical structures that determine logical force. Also considered are philosophical issues about language, mind, meaning, and truth. Readings introduce such important figures in 20th-century thought as Gottlob Frege, W.V.O. Quine, Paul Grice, and Noam Chomsky.