Prerequisites

The courses listed below are those most commonly required for admission. The requirements of individual schools must be reviewed after the sophomore year. All require an admissions test. For curriculum guides and checklists, see link at left.

Medicine

  • 1 year of biology
  • 2 years chemistry (through organic chemistry)
  • 1 year of physics
  • Mathematics (calculus suggested)
  • 2 English writing courses
  • Recommended: additional biology (genetics, for instance), biochemistry, foreign language.

Dentistry

  • 1 year of biology
  • 2 years chemistry (through organic chemistry), plus biochemistry, microbiology (at some schools)
  • 1 year of physics
  • Mathematics (calculus suggested)
  • English writing
  • Recommended: additional biology (genetics, for instance), 2nd English writing course, foreign language.

Veterinary Medicine

  • 3 courses of biology including genetics
  • 2 years chemistry (through organic chemistry), plus biochemistry
  • 1 year of physics
  • Mathematics (calculus suggested) plus statistics at some schools
  • English writing course

Podiatry

  • 1 year of biology
  • 2 years chemistry (through organic chemistry)
  • 1 year of physics
  • Mathematics (calculus suggested)
  • English writing course
  • Recommended: additional biology (genetics, for instance), biochemistry, foreign language.

Optometry

  • 2 courses of general biology
  • 1 course of microbiology
  • 2 courses of human or animal anatomy and physiology (recommended at some schools)
  • 2 years chemistry (through organic chemistry)
  • 1course of biochemistry
  • 2 courses of physics (recommended)
  • Mathematics (calculus and statistics)
  • 2 English writing courses (most schools)
  • Psychology
  • Recommended: biochemistry, social sciences, computer science, business management.

Physician Assistant
Requirements vary but include courses in biology, anatomy, physiology, microbiology, chemistry, math, humanities, and psychology. There are over 130 PA programs; students need to check with individual programs to determine specific requirements. Some programs require up to two years of experience in health care.

Nursing
Requirements vary by type of nursing program. R.N., Accelerated BSN (for those students with a previous bachelor's degree in a non-nursing field), NP-Nurse Practitioner (nurses who have received masters level training beyond the R.N.), Masters (for those students with a previous bachelor's degree in a non-nursing field). Visit www.aacn.nche.edu, the national voice for America's baccalaureate and higher-degree nursing education programs to learn about specific program requirements.

Pharmacy
Generally, students follow this program for 2+ years before transferring to a college of pharmacy, where four more years are spent in the professional program leading to a PharmD degree. Students need to check individual schools' requirements.

  • 4 biology courses, including microbiology
  • 4 courses of chemistry, through organic
  • Mathematics to include calculus and statistics
  • 2 courses in physics, social science and humanities